Premium Bonds vs Savings Accounts

Choosing the best place to save your money can be a tricky decision. With so many options available, each with unique benefits and potential drawbacks, the right choice depends on individual financial goals and risk tolerance. 

Premium Bonds, issued by National Savings and Investments (NS&I), are a popular savings option in the UK. Unlike traditional savings accounts, Premium Bonds offer the chance to win tax-free prizes instead of earning regular interest. Since the first draw in June 1957, over 684 million Premium Bond prizes with a total value of more than £30.5 billion have been awarded [1].

However, with prize rates dropping from 4.65% to 4.4% in March, could you potentially be better off investing your money into a cash ISA instead?


The Appeal of Premium Bonds

The main attraction of Premium Bonds is the opportunity to win significant, tax-free prizes. Each £1 bond enters a monthly draw, with prizes ranging from £25 to £1 million. As of March 2024, the prize fund rate is equivalent to an interest rate of 4.4%, with the odds of each bond winning a prize being 1 in 21,000. This setup can be enticing for those who enjoy the prospect of a windfall, similar to a lottery, but with the reassurance that their initial investment remains intact.

Despite the allure of these tax-free prizes, the reality is that many bondholders may not see significant returns. A significant percentage of bondholders earn less than the average prize rate over a year, and some may not win any prizes at all. This variability makes Premium Bonds a riskier choice compared to traditional savings accounts.


The Reliability of Savings Accounts

Savings accounts offer a more predictable and steady return through interest payments. These accounts can be a better choice for those who prefer security and guaranteed growth over the possibility of larger, sporadic returns. There are various types of savings accounts available, each with different rates and features:

Fixed-rate savings accounts: These accounts offer a guaranteed interest rate for a set period. As of 2024, some fixed-rate accounts offer interest rates up to 5%, providing a stable return regardless of market fluctuations.

Easy-access savings accounts: These accounts typically offer lower interest rates (around 3.5% to 4%) but provide the flexibility to withdraw funds without penalty. Which can appeal to those who want to maintain liquidity.


The Benefits of Cash ISAs

Another attractive option for savers is the Cash ISA (Individual Savings Account). Cash ISAs offer several key benefits that make them a competitive alternative to both Premium Bonds and traditional savings accounts:

Tax-Free Interest: Unlike standard savings accounts, the interest earned on a Cash ISA is tax-free, which can be particularly advantageous for higher-rate taxpayers. This tax-free status can result in better net returns compared to taxable savings accounts.

Competitive Interest Rates: Some Cash ISAs offer competitive interest rates that can rival or exceed those of traditional savings accounts. For instance, as of 2024, certain Cash ISAs offer interest rates comparable to, or even higher than, fixed-rate savings accounts, making them an attractive option for savers looking for both tax efficiency and good returns.

Annual Allowance: Each tax year, individuals can save up to £20,000 in ISAs, combining the benefits of tax-free growth with the potential for competitive interest rates. This allowance makes Cash ISAs a valuable tool for tax-efficient savings.


Tax Considerations

Tax treatment is an important factor to consider. Interest earned from savings accounts is subject to income tax, but the Personal Savings Allowance allows basic-rate taxpayers to earn up to £1,000 in interest tax-free annually (£500 for higher-rate taxpayers). In contrast, all winnings from Premium Bonds are always tax-free, which can be a significant selling point for higher-rate taxpayers.


Risk and Return

When comparing average returns, the prize rate for Premium Bonds is currently 4.4%, but the uneven distribution of prizes means that many bondholders may see little to no return. In contrast, savings accounts and Cash ISAs offer guaranteed returns, often exceeding the average returns from Premium Bonds. For example, some fixed-rate savings accounts offer interest rates above 5% in 2024.


The Right Choice

Ultimately, the choice between Premium Bonds and savings accounts depends on your financial goals and risk tolerance. Premium Bonds provide an element of excitement and the potential for significant, tax-free prizes, but come with the risk of no returns. Savings accounts and Cash ISAs, on the other hand, offer more predictable and secure ways to grow your money.

Assessing your financial needs, tax situation, and risk tolerance will help you determine the best option for your savings. For more information, consult with a financial adviser.



[1] IFA Magazine – NS&I celebrates 30 years of Premium Bonds – 2023