Minimising Capital Gains Tax Liabilities Amid Changing Exemptions

In a rapidly evolving financial landscape, staying updated on tax liabilities is a cornerstone for both individuals and businesses to preserve and grow their wealth. One such liability is the Capital Gains Tax (CGT), a tax levied on the profits generated from the sale of assets such as stocks, bonds, or real estate. Understanding CGT is vital, as it can significantly impact the financial outcome of these transactions. Recent changes in the UK tax regime, propelled by governmental decisions, have reduced the CGT exemption to £6,000 in the 2023/24 tax year and further to £3,000 in the 2024/25 tax year, marking a notable shift in tax liabilities.

The Current CGT Exemption

For UK residents, making the most of the reduced CGT exemption in the 2023/24 tax year could provide some tax savings. However, with the Autumn Statement 2024 just around the corner, it’s crucial to stay updated on any further amendments to CGT regulations that may soon be announced. In the tax year 2022/23, the receipts from Capital Gains Tax in the United Kingdom amounted to approximately £18 billion, marking an increase of around £2.8 billion compared to the previous year. [1]

Using Losses to Your Advantage

When it comes to balancing the scales of gains and losses, strategic planning can play a crucial role. By offsetting gains with losses incurred within the same tax year, individuals can lower the overall taxable gain. Moreover, losses from previous years can be carried forward, provided they are reported to HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC) within a stipulated time frame, consequently further alleviating the CGT burden.

The Marital Transfer Benefit

Utilising the combined annual CGT exemption available to married couples and registered civil partners can be a savvy move. By transferring assets between spouses, couples can effectively double their CGT exemption, providing more room to manoeuvre before the taxman claims their share. However, this approach requires careful consideration of potential Inheritance Tax implications, underscoring a need for professional advice.

Shield Gains through ISAs

The ‘Bed and ISA’ tactic is a tried-and-tested method to shield capital gains from tax. By selling assets to realise a capital gain, and then immediately repurchasing the same assets within an ISA, investors can protect future gains from CGT. With an allowance of up to £20,000 for single savers or £40,000 for couples in the 2022/23 tax year, the potential for tax savings is significant.

Pension Contributions

Regular pension contributions not only secure a financial nest egg for the future, but also provide a pathway to reducing CGT. By elevating the upper limit of the Income Tax band, pension contributions can help ensure that capital gains, along with other taxable income, are taxed at a lower rate.

Charitable Giving

Donating shares to charity can be a fulfilling way to support a cause while reaping tax benefits. Qualifying shares donated to charity can trigger both Income Tax and CGT reliefs, making this an attractive option for those looking to minimise tax liability.

Venturing into Enterprise Investment Schemes (EIS)

Investing in an EIS can offer CGT relief, especially on investments in smaller, unregistered trading companies. However, the higher risk associated with these schemes requires thorough due diligence and professional advice. The income from Capital Gains Tax is projected to increase yearly, shown by £7.8 billion in 2017/18 to £11.6 billion in 2023/24. This indicates a growing relevance of CGT in the UK’s tax structure, and the increasing importance of strategic financial planning to mitigate CGT liabilities. [2]

Exploring Gift Hold-Over Relief

Gift hold-over relief is a pivotal mechanism to reduce CGT on the transfer of business assets or shares in a company. While this relief can provide significant tax savings, the eligibility criteria are stringent. To qualify, the assets must be business assets or shares in a trading company, and both the giver and receiver must be UK residents or operate a branch or agency in the UK.

Moreover, ensuring compliance is a meticulous process that requires an understanding of specific deadlines and documentation requirements. For instance, a claim for hold-over relief should be made on the HMRC Form HS295, and it must be submitted within four years from the end of the tax year in which the gift was made. Given the complexity, it’s prudent to seek professional advice to navigate through the eligibility criteria and compliance requirements effectively.

Hidden Gems of Tax Relief

Chattels, encompassing personal belongings like antiques and collectibles, present unique circumstances under Capital Gains Tax (CGT) regulations. Wasting assets, defined as items with a lifespan of 50 years or less, might be entirely exempt from CGT, provided they haven’t been claimed for business capital allowances.

On the other hand, non-wasting chattels have their CGT implications on the final sale amount. Typically, those netting less than £6,000 are free from tax. Given the complex nature of CGT regulations concerning chattels, it’s wise to consult professional financial advice. This step ensures compliance with current legislation and helps navigate tax implications effectively.

Professional Advice

Navigating the intricacies of CGT requires a solid understanding of the tax laws, and a skilled professional to guide through the planning process. Seeking professional financial advice can unveil strategies to minimise CGT liability and ensure a well-charted course to preserve your financial wealth.


The journey towards minimising CGT liabilities requires a proactive stance, coupled with a thorough grasp of the available tax reliefs and exemptions. In a financial climate poised for change, adapting to the new tax norms while maximising existing allowances could steer the course towards more favourable financial horizons. Staying informed and seeking professional financial advice are essential steps to navigate the complexity of CGT with ease in the shifting tax landscape.


[1] Statista – Capital gains tax receipts in the United Kingdom from 2000/01 to 2022/23 – April 2023

[2] Statista – Forecasted capital gains tax income in the United Kingdom (UK) from 2017/18 to 2023/24 – March 2019